Second conditional and trends

Business Result Pre-Intermediate Units 12, 13 and 14 

Try to make as many true sentences as you can using the sentence stems below. You can only use each one once, and each one must have a different trends phrase (“improve”, “flatten out”, “accelerate”, etc). You can combine the beginnings and endings below, or think of your own ideas to complete the halves. You will get one point for each phrase that other groups agree with but didn’t write themselves.

If the number of gyms in offices rose, ___________________ would ________________

If electricity bills for companies were slashed, ____________ would _________________

If restructuring of companies increased rapidly, __________would__________________

If the number of women working rocketed, _________________ would _______________

If the government banned cigarettes/ tobacco, _______________ would ______________

If the government scrapped income tax, _____________ would _____________________

If taking career breaks __________________, _______________ would ______________

If the age of retirement _____________________, ______________ would ___________

If the world’s population ____________________, ______________ would ____________

If working from home ___________________, _________________ would ____________

If world supply of oil _______________, _________________ would _________________

If _______________________, competition between companies would _______________

If ___________________________, owning cars would ___________________________

If ___________________________, the age of workers would ______________________

If _____________________________, inflation would ____________________________

If _____________________________, pollution would ___________________________

If _____________________________, recycling would __________________________

If _____________________________, the birth rate would ________________________

If _____________________________, the economy would ________________________

If __________________________, the number of vegetarians would ________________

If ___________________________, global demand for oil would __________________

If ______________________________, the economy of this country would ____________

If ___________________, the image of Japanese companies in China would __________

If __________________________, use of renewable energy would __________________

If ___________________________________, women working would ________________

If ___________________________, working conditions for workers would ____________

If ____________________________________, air travel would ____________________

If _____________________________________, staff turnover would ________________

Choose four from above which you think people will agree with but haven’t thought of. Make sure you both of copies of them for when you change groups. 

Change groups and give your ideas. Do the other people agree? If so and they didn’t write the same sentence, you get a point.

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Grammar analysis

What structure do all the phrases above have? Fill in the gaps below

If + S + _________________________ tense, S + ______________ + ______________

(S = subject, such as “I” or “The company”)

What other structures start with “If” in a similar way? 

What is the difference in meaning between the structure above and this structure?

If + S + Present Simple tense, S + will + infinitive

Which of those tenses is probably suitable for these sentences?

If oil ________________________ (run out) next year, the economy _________________ (crash).

If the economy _____________________(improve) a little next year, wages _________________________ (probably go up too).

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Useful phrases

a little

accelerate

ameliorate

be enhanced

be stable

be unstable

blip

boom

bottom out

bounce back

buoyant

change

climb

collapse

crash

creep up

decline

decrease

deteriorate

dip

dive

double

dramatically

drop

escalate

expand

experience some turbulence

explode

fall

fall back

flatten out

fluctuate

go down

go up

go up and down

grow

halve

improve

increase

increase, but not at the same rate

increase/ decrease at the same rate

increase/ decrease steadily

level off

move

not vary

peak

pick up

plateau

plummet

plunge

quadruple

quickly

rapidly

rebound

recover

regain lost ground

remain constant

remain steady

rise

rise less rapidly

rocket

sharply

shoot up

shrink

sink

slightly

slip back

slow down

slowly

slump

soar

stabilise

stay flat

stay the same

take off

triple

vary

worsen 

Find phrases above which mean the same thing, then test each other on that in pairs.

Mime one of the meanings above and see how many phrases with that meaning your partner can think of. Give them hints if they get stuck.

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PDF version for easy saving and printing: trends and second conditional

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