Comparing animals random pelmanism

Names of animals/ Comparing and contrasting/ FCE Speaking Part Two

Objective First Unit 4

Spread the cards across the table or look at a copy of the worksheet. Choose two cards and make three comparisons between those two creatures. If your partner agrees with what you say and you have used different phrases from what people have said before, you can keep those cards and get one point. Suggested comparisons:

  1. Summary of how similar or different they are overall
  2. The most important, biggest or most obvious similarity or difference
  3. Another similarity or difference
Suggested comparing phrases

Summary of how similar or different they are overall


In general,…

…have a lot/ quite a lot/ very little/ almost nothing/ nothing in common.

They are completely/ almost completely/ very/ fairly + similar/ different.

The most important, biggest etc similarity or difference

The biggest/ The most important/ The most striking/ The most obvious/ The only + similarity/ difference/ shared feature/ thing that they have in common is…

Another similarity or difference

A big/ An important/ A striking/ An obvious/ Another + similarity/ difference/ thing that they have in common + is…

… but…/ In contrast,…/ … whereas…


Animals to compare 



alligator bat bee


bird bug butterfly


caterpillar cockroach crab


crow cub deer


donkey dove duck


flea frog goat


goose hippo hornet


insect killer whale kitten


ladybird ladybug lamb


lobster mosquito moth


octopus orca oyster


pigeon prawn puppy


rhino seagull shark


shrimp slug snail


sparrow squid swan


wasp whale wild boar


(earth)worm wild cat street cat


Comparing/ contrasting phrases presentation

Without looking above, brainstorm phrases into these three categories from above

Summary of how similar or different they are overall











The most important, biggest etc similarity or difference













Another similarity or difference











Compare your phrases with those above, then brainstorm more.  

Check your ideas for extra phrases as a class. 

Ask about any animal words which you don’t (fully) understand, working together as a class to brainstorming similarities and differences with other animals.

Work together to describe the differences between the words on one line. Sometimes the difference is only very small.

  • albatross/ seagull
  • alligator/ crocodile
  • bat/ bird
  • bee/ wasp/ hornet
  • bug/ insect
  • butterfly/ moth/ caterpillar
  • calf/ cub/ lamb/ kitten/ puppy
  • cockroach/ beetle
  • crab/ lobster
  • crow/ sparrow
  • deer/ reindeer
  • dog/ wolf
  • donkey/ horse
  • dove/ pigeon
  • duck/ goose/ swan
  • eel/ (earth)worm
  • flea/ mosquito
  • frog/ tadpole
  • goat/ sheep
  • goldfish/ koi
  • hippo/ rhino
  • killer whale/ orca
  • ladybird/ ladybug
  • lizard/ snake
  • mussel/ oyster
  • octopus/ squid
  • pig/ wild boar
  • prawn/ shrimp
  • shark/ whale
  • snail/ slug
  • street cat/ wild cat

Use similar language to compare two photos, e.g. two nature photos or two FCE Speaking Part Two photos.


PDF for easy saving and printing: Comparing animals random pelmanism

Related pages

FCE Speaking Part Two page

Animals page

Random pelmanism (TEFLtastic classics Part 18)