Supporting your arguments brainstorming and key words game

What phrases can you use to support your arguments in these ways? Brainstorm at least three phrases for each.

Personal experiences

 

 

 

 

 

Advantages

 

 

 

 

 

Certainty/ Emphasising/ Importance/ Strong opinions

 

 

 

 

 

Changes/ Predictions/ Trends

 

 

 

 

 

Clarifying/ Paraphrasing/ Restating

 

 

 

 

 

Comparing/ Contrasting

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conceding points/ Destroying possible arguments against/ Looking at both sides

 

 

 

 

 

Consequences/ Effects/ Results

 

 

 

 

 

Data/ Figures/ Generalising/ Statistics

 

 

 

 

 

Examples

 

 

 

 

 

Expert opinion/ Other people’s experience/ Quoting/ Things read or heard/ Sources

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the key words below to help you.

Key words

Personal experiences

my

generally

have

 

Advantages

positive

main

great

 

Certainty/ Emphasising/ Importance/ Strong opinions

doubt

cannot

clear

obvious

 

Changes/ Predictions/ Trends

take

flatten

back

almost

 

Clarifying/ Paraphrasing/ Restating

other

way

brief

 

Comparing/ Contrasting

… er/ more…

same/ different

common

difference/ similarity

 

Conceding points/ Destroying possible arguments against/ Looking at both sides

although

accept

weakness

both

 

Consequences/ Effects/ Results

leads

result

because

consequence

 

Data/ Figures/ Generalising/ Statistics

number

quantify

figures

precise

 

Examples

good

with

give

instance

 

Expert opinion/ Quoting/ Things read or heard/ Sources/ Other people’s experiences

according

said

quote

read/ heard

—————————–

Suggested answers

Personal experiences

In my (limited) experience,…

I have (generally) found that…

I have (personal) experience of this.

 

Advantages

A positive aspect of this is…

The main/ greatest advantage of this is…

A great benefit of this is…

 

Certainty/ Emphasising/ Importance/ Strong opinions

There is no doubt that…

It cannot be denied that…

It is clear that…

It should be obvious that…

It seems clear to me that…

 

Changes/ Predictions/ Trends

grow/ increase/ climb/ rise

boom/ accelerate/ rocket/ take off

crash/ plummet/ dive

flatten out/ plateau/ bottom out

peak

dip

rebound/ bounce back/ pick up

could/ might/ probably/ very probably/ almost certainly/ definitely

 

Clarifying/ Paraphrasing/ Restating

In other words,…

To put that another way,…

In brief,…

 

Comparing/ Contrasting

… is (slightly/ quite a lot/ far)… er than…

… is (slightly/ quite a lot/ far)… er than…

… and… are completely identical/ exactly the same/ almost the same/ very similar/ quite different/ totally different

… and… have… in common

A striking/ An obvious/ A clear difference/ similarity between… and… is…

 

Conceding points/ Destroying possible arguments against/ Looking at both sides

Although it can be said that…,…

While I accept that…,….

You could say a weakness in this argument is.., but…

While there are both pros and cons,…

 

Consequences/ Effects/ Results

… (inevitably) leads to…

As a result,…

Because of this,…

A natural consequence of this is…

 

Data/ Figures/ Generalising/ Statistics

To put a number on that,…

To quantify that,…

Relevant figures include…

To be precise,…

 

Examples

A good illustration of this is…

I can explain what I mean with an example, which is…

To give an example of what I’m talking about…

For instance,…

 

Expert opinion/ Quoting/ Things read or heard/ Sources/ Other people’s experiences

According to…

… (once) said that…

As… said,….

A famous quote on this is…

I read/ heard something which said that…

I can’t remember exactly where I heard/ read this, but…

 

Test each other in pairs:

– Read out the sentences with the key words missing and see if your partner can fill the gaps

– Read out the key words and see if your partner can remember the sentences

– Read out the name of a function and help your partner make as many suitable phrases as possible

Hold a debate while looking at just the key words. Cross off any words you use during the debate, using different coloured pens for each person. The person who uses most words by the end of the debate is the winner.

————————————-

PDF version for easy saving and printing: key words for supporting your arguments 

Leave a comment (link optional and email never shared)

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s