with practice of the language of trends
Discuss Japanese trends in the topics below in pairs. One person should choose one topic below and discuss the past, present and future changes, then the other person give their views on what was said.
Chances of promotion for women/ Equal opportunities
Company pension schemes
The consumer price index (= Inflation)
Casual jobs – Permanent jobs
The age of retirement
The stock market
Unemployment (e.g. for one particular age group)
The long-term unemployed
Residential property prices
Commercial property prices
VAT (= Value Added Tax)
Rate of bankruptcies
Imports – Exports/ The balance of trade
The number of people investing in the stock market
The number of IPOs
Discuss the last three as a class. What are the possible solutions to those problems?
What solutions of these kinds can you think of?
Which of those solutions are best?
What do you think about these solutions?
Taxing the rich
Income transfers (= The government giving money to poor families)
A pupil premium (= Giving more money to schools which have more students from poor families)
Giving schools a mission to increase social mobility
More streaming (= dividing students by ability) in state schools
Restricting private education
Starting school earlier
Starting school later
Focusing on pre-school children
Discouraging poor families from having more children
(Optional – Rank the ideas above)
Find things above that are mentioned in the text below and summarise what is said about each one. Not all of the things above are mentioned.
Which one does the author think is a priority?
What do you think about the author’s conclusions?
PDF version for easy saving and printing: solutions to poverty discussion reading